Excessive pigmentation on face is something that if you have it, you may wonder why you have it, what causes it and how to reduce it.
Skin pigmentation on face may be caused by a number of reasons such as sun damage, inflammation, or other skin injuries, including those related to acne vulgaris. People with darker Asian, Mediterranean or African skin tones are also more prone to hyperpigmentation, especially if they have been exposed excessively to the sun UV rays.
Several forms of hyperpigmentation are caused by excessive production of melanin in the body. The pigmentation can be diffuse or focal, affecting such areas as the face and the back of the hands. Melanin is a pigment responsible for producing colour in parts of the body such as the skin, eyes and hair. It is produced in the body by melanocytes in the lower layers of the epidermis. As we age, melanocyte distribution becomes less diffuse and its regulation less easily controlled by the body. UV light stimulates melanocyte activity, and where concentrations of the cells are denser than in surrounding areas, hyperpigmentation is effected.
Skin pigmentation on face is quite common and occurs as a result of the above. However, as we are talking about the face, it can sometimes be the most distressing. Sometimes, skin pigmentation on face will spontaneously go, particularly if it only occurs during pregnancy when it is often referred to as a pregnancy mask.
However, for most people, there is no spontaneous end to pigmentation and they will have to get some form of treatment. There are of course several over-the-counter lightening creams that can be very effective, but if you problem is more severe, then you will need to see your doctor and get a prescription of a specially formulated cream.
There are other options to keep pigmentation on face at bay such as skin peels and laser resurfacing treatment, But again, your doctor or dermatologist are best placed to advise you on this as treatment will differ according to the cause and how the problem has manifested for the individual.