There are several causes for pigmentation, or dark, uneven patches of skin on the face. Hormonal imbalances, sun damage, skin injuries, acne scarring, or medicinal side-effects can all cause a pigmentation on face. However, you should be able to find an effective hyperpigmentation treatment as there are several that are currently available.
Some are topical creams and some are procedures, but all have proven to be an effective hyperpigmentation treatment. The most cost efficient treatments, Hydroquinone and Retin-A, are often prescribed together to treat any skin pigmentation. Hydroquinone bleaches the skin and blocks melanin production. Its best friend, Retin-A, exfoliates the skin, clearing away dead cells and stimulating new cell growth.
Another common treatment is Lumixyl, another bleaching, brightening agent. Hydroquinone, Retin-A, and Lumixyl are all home-based treatments. There are many other, office-based treatments available.
Chemical peels are another common method of hyperpigmentation treatment. A chemical peel is a way of removing dead and damaged skin and making room for the growth of new, healthy cells. Chemical peels cost a lot more than the aforementioned topical treatments – usually at least a thousand dollars. Chemical peels can be mild, medium, or deep, so be sure you know which is right for you and take advice first as some, such as a glycolic acid chemical peel, are only suitable for some acne sufferers.
One way to force the growth of the new, healthy cells that chemical peels make way for is to get IPL treatments, or Intense Pulsated Light, that is also referred to as photo rejuvenation. This costs about half as much as a chemical peel.
Laser resurfacing is much like a chemical peel in its ability to erase damaged skin cells, though the methodology is entirely different. Laser resurfacing usually costs between one and several thousand dollars depending on the severity of the pigmentation. Laser resurfacing can also be used to remove moles, birthmarks, warts, body hair, tattoos, acne, and scars.
Finally, much like laser resurfacing and chemical peels, microdermabrasion is another way to exfoliate skin. Dead cells are suctioned away, leaving room for fresh cells to grow. Microdermabrasion requires several sessions but can be done in the home, in a beauty salon, or in a medical setting, depending on the severity. When using a hyperpigmentation treatment, you will find that their effectiveness and cost to be widely varied, as are the causes for pigmentation. Be sure you consult a specialist to determine cause and the best course of treatment, but keep in mind that there are treatments out there for every person and most budgets whether you have pigmentation on face, body or both.